Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald

 

Info

Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996) was an American jazz singer often referred to as the First Lady of Song, Queen of Jazz, and Lady Ella. She was noted for her purity of tone, impeccable diction, phrasing and intonation, and a "horn-like" improvisational ability, particularly in her scat singing.

After tumultuous teenage years, Fitzgerald found stability in musical success with the Chick Webb Orchestra, performing across the country, but most often associated with the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem. Fitzgerald's rendition of the nursery rhyme "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" helped boost both her and Webb to national fame. After taking over the band when Webb died, Fitzgerald left it behind in 1942 to start a solo career that would last effectively the rest of her life.

Signed with manager and Savoy co-founder Moe Gale[1] from early in her career, she eventually gave managerial control for her performance and recording career to Norman Granz, who built up the label Verve Records based in part on Fitzgerald's vocal abilities. With Verve she recorded some of her more widely noted works, particularly her interpretation of the Great American Songbook.

While Fitzgerald appeared in movies and as a guest on popular television shows in the second half of the twentieth century, her musical collaborations with Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and The Ink Spots were some of her most notable acts outside of her solo career. These partnerships produced recognizable songs like "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Cheek to Cheek", "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall", and "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)". In 1993, Fitzgerald capped off her fifty-nine year career with her last public performance. Three years later, she died at the age of 79, following years of decline in her health. After her death, Fitzgerald's influence lived on through her fourteen Grammy Awards, National Medal of Arts, Presidential Medal of Freedom, and tributes in the form of stamps, music festivals, and theater namesakes.

Labels

Highlights23

Ella At Zardi's
Album
Ella At Zardi's is an album by musical artist Ella Fitzgerald, released on December 1, 2017.
Live at the Concertgebouw 1961
Album
Live at the Concertgebouw 1961 is an album by musical artist Ella Fitzgerald, released on October 20, 2017.
Someone To Watch Over Me
Album
Someone To Watch Over Me is an album by musical artist Ella Fitzgerald, released on September 29, 2017.
Let's Do It
Song
Let's Do It is a song by musical artist Ella Fitzgerald, released on September 22, 2017.

Photos - Ella Fitzgerald525

People Recently Photographed with Ella Fitzgerald1

Popular Albums219

Album Appearances & References91

Popular Songs8

Song Appearances & References129

Popular Live Albums22

Musical Group References1

Live Album Appearances & References4

Musical Groups2

Films4

Minor Play Appearances & References1

TV Shows6

Other Music-Related Relationships6

Minor Musical Appearances & References1

Collaborators & Influencers152

Personal & Professional Relationships5

Commercial & Non-Profit Relationships2

Awards & Nominations4

Famous Relatives2

Events1

You May Also Be Interested In52

Videos133

Spotify - Albums & Singles1168

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Spotify - Appears On35

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Spotify - Top Tracks10

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

News Articles25

Super Bowl halftime show had humble beginnings
  –  February 5, 2018
Up With People performed in Super Bowl V, and Hirt returned for Super Bowl VI in 1972 to share the stage with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, the U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Chorale and the U.S. Marine Corps Drill team. Ever seen a beauty queen perform ...
Pink nails national anthem at Super Bowl LII, spits out throat lozenge beforehand
  –  February 5, 2018
Up With People performed in Super Bowl V, and Hirt returned for Super Bowl VI in 1972 to share the stage with Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, the U.S. Air Force Academy Cadet Chorale and the U.S. Marine Corps Drill team. Ever seen a beauty queen perform ...
Ella Fitzgerald: Most celebrated jazz singer of her generation
  –  February 5, 2018
With a distinctive, sweet sound, the voice of Ella Fitzgerald is instantly recognizable. Her voice radiates joy. Her voice just makes you feel good. But before Fitzgerald became the First Lady of Song, she experienced great hardship — poverty, loss and ...
BioPark events offer sneak peek at the wild side of love
  –  February 4, 2018
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. — “Birds do it, bees do it, even educated fleas do it.” Who can forget Ella Fitzgerald’s delicious voice singing those mischievous words? And what could be more appropriate for Valentine’s season than Cole Porter’s “Let’s ...
Grammy-Nominee SZA Playing Toad's Place
  –  February 3, 2018
which has a little Ella Fitzgerald and a little Erykah Badu in it. The record is excellent, almost avant-garde in its use of textures, an heir to D’Angelo’s hugely influential “Voodoo,” but also futuristic with its twitchy rhythms and use of ...
New guidebook highlights 111 must-not-miss sights in Queens
  –  February 3, 2018
As DiStefano put it: “There’s everything from Addisleigh Park — an enclave of English Tudors nestled between Jamaica and St. Albans that’s been home to Who’s Who African-American celebrities, including Jackie Robinson and Ella Fitzgerald — to ...
Pick Six: Praise for Justin Timberlake and Chris Stapleton, Caitlyn Smith
  –  February 3, 2018
3 Ella Fitzgerald exhibit, Grammy Museum. It featured rare recordings, memorabilia and 100 songs. My favorite was No. 100 — “Mack the Knife Live in Berlin.” Contribute: popmusic@startribune.com. Jon Bream of the Star Tribune: 1 Terry Walsh as Van ...
Nipplegate Revisited: How Justin Timberlake’s Previous Super Bowl Performance Rocked the World and Changed the Internet
  –  February 2, 2018
Things were a little hipper in 1972, when a tribute to Louis Armstrong featured Ella Fitzgerald, Carol Channing, and Al Hirt. Other performers in the ‘70s and ‘80s: Andy Williams, Chubby Checker, Woody Herman, Doc Severinson, George Burns, Mickey ...
20 African-American history destinations in Washington, D.C.
  –  February 2, 2018
Past performers have included Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, and Ella Fitzgerald. After the 1968 riots, the theatre fell into disrepair, but was later restored in 1993. This museum remembers and celebrates the 209,145 African-American soldiers and ...
Children’s Books About Black History, Heavy on Biographies
  –  February 2, 2018
Ella Fitzgerald is more than a familiar name; understanding this, Helen Hancocks has called her new picture book ELLA QUEEN OF JAZZ (Frances Lincoln Children’s Books/Quarto, $17.99; ages 4 to 8). Hancocks’s illustrations are superb — bright and ...
Jazzed about New Orleans
  –  February 2, 2018
My “go to’s” are always the same: Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Billie Holiday, Frank Sinatra, and maybe Norah Jones or Michael Bublé to remind me that good music is not just a thing of the past. With a weekend on my hands, music on my mind ...
Swedish Artist Becky & The Birds Releases New Single HOLDING ON
  –  February 2, 2018
The result is similar to the likes of SZA, Solange or Ella Fitzgerald. Becky & The Birds is the moniker of Thea Gustafsson, the 21-year-old from Örebro who writes, produces and sings all of her own music and attended the prestigious Musikmakarna ...
The Fishing Report: Bass biting just fine for Lipanovich
  –  February 2, 2018
For example, some black bass seem to be staging for a spawn – weeks before the typical time for this region. Ella Fitzgerald sang it best in her show-stopping rendition of “Too Darn Hot” from Cole Porter’s “Kiss Me Kate.” Forecasts of 79 ...
University of the Arts grad headlines Nancy Wilson tribute
  –  February 1, 2018
So I came here and after I graduated I knew I couldn’t leave.” Growing up and influenced by the music of women like Sarah Vaughn, Ella Fitzgerald, Astrid Gilberto and, of course, Nancy Wilson, Talese began using her voice as a background singer for ...
Jazz singer brings songs of ‘Harlem’ and more to Greenwich
  –  February 1, 2018
Russell remembers tuning into the radio when she was young. The voices of Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong and Sinatra boomed out, and to this day their sounds still inform her work. “I grew up listening to a wide variety of music, so all those ...
Still Waiting: When Will NFL Sign A Hip-Hop Headliner For Super Bowl Halftime?
  –  February 1, 2018
It isn’t just a question of political correctness, or race. After all, the NFL has selected minority headliners in the past, from Ella Fitzgerald, to Michael Jackson, to Beyoncé. This issue is more about artistic diversity. Like it or not, hip-hop is ...
America’s Sweethearts: new fans for a classic style
  –  February 1, 2018
Kincannon said the gals are often channelling their inner Andrews Sisters — “We all had a deep love for that music” — but the group’s Facebook page also cites the influence of the Shirelles, Bette Midler, Ella Fitzgerald, the Supremes and the ...
Historic Las Vegas Neon Signs Set to Shine Bright Once Again
  –  February 1, 2018
A soundtrack that includes Elvis Presley’s “Night Life,” ”Mr. Sandman” by The Chordettes and Ella Fitzgerald’s “I’m Beginning to See The Light” plays in tandem with each sign that is illuminated. Neon signs were introduced to the United ...
Black History Month Quotes 2018: Inspirational Sayings By Prominent African-American Figures
  –  February 1, 2018
Where there is love and inspiration, I don’t think you can go wrong.” — Ella Fitzgerald 16. "In recognizing the humanity of our fellow beings, we pay ourselves the highest tribute." — Thurgood Marshall, first African American on the U.S. Supreme ...
Madison Red & the Band That Time Forgot
  –  February 1, 2018
Nat King Cole, Louis Jordan, Wynonie Harris, Ella Mae Morse, Julie London, Ella Fitzgerald, and Anita O’Day, as well as originals from their upcoming CD 21st Century Blues & Ballads. Free.
Journey’s Neal Schon On His Blues Roots, Playing PRS Guitars & Working With Yngwie Malmsteen
  –  February 1, 2018
My mom was always playing and singing too, they were always playing jazz around the house. It was either Ella Fitzgerald, Duke Ellington, Miles [Davis], all those old greats. I started listening to Wes Montgomery, Larry Coryell, John McLaughlin.
Cécile McLorin Salvant Proves Jazz In The Millennial Age Is In Great Hands
  –  January 31, 2018
What Salvant does have in common with legends such as Carter, Sarah Vaughan, Ella Fitzgerald, Ethel Waters, and Dakota Staton is a fearlessness with a musical note, an ear for a perfect note, and an instinct for reimagining a classic song or a forgotten gem.
One more time: Pat Mitchell and Standard Time do one last Steak Loft show
  –  January 31, 2018
The Wednesday Steak Loft shows were well known with national artists, too, and folks like Boston guitarist Jon Wheatley, pianists Mike Renzi (Peggy Lee, Mel Torme and Jack Jones) and Norman Simmons (Lena Horne, Ella Fitzgerald, Betty Carter, and Nancy ...
Celebrating Ella Fitzgerald, Mister Kelly's and a promising new doc
  –  January 29, 2018
In August of 1958, singer Ella Fitzgerald recorded one of the most brilliant and least remembered albums of her career, before a live audience in Chicago. The place was Mister Kelly’s, on North Rush Street, a showroom that presented emerging stars such ...
Fats, Duke, Ella and all that (film) jazz
  –  January 23, 2018
Bessie Smith, Fats Waller, Thelonius Monk, Lester Young, Ella Fitzgerald, Miles Davis, even popular performers such as Frank Sinatra and Bing Crosby had their moments of jazz glory. In High Society the jazz credentials of Bing were polished up when he and ...

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